Discover Horezu in Romania
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Horezu depression area is a true cradle of Romanian folk culture, where, across the ages, the inhabitants’ talent, spiritual beauty and diligence have created numerous traditions, habits and crafts still in existence today. Among the best-known crafts this area is famous for, we could mention the modelling and decorating of the pottery, the wowen items, the embroideries, the artistic wood-carving, etc.
The Romanian peasant’s talent and sensitivity, illustrated by the folk costumes, the carpet motifs, the wood or ceramic objects’ decorations, the chromatic aspect, the harmony, equilibrium and wisdom that can be found in the local people’s conceptions about life, universe and divinity, all this, on the whole assimilated to the “Brâncovenesc” art, contribute to the defining of a style also expressed in architecture, painting, wood-carving and stone sculpture.
The floral and geometric decorations, of a luxuriant abundance, echoing the Byzantine ornaments, is completed by oriental-Ottoman and even Persian motifs, in whose spreading the pottery and the manuscripts have played a preponderant role. The Brâncovenesc period stabilizes these motifs, enriching them with folk art elements or with direct stylizations of nature.
Watching a collection of Horezu pottery, we will notice that there can be found almost all the national motifs that appear in the stone-work, except for the acanthus specific to the Mediterranean landscape: the vine, the tulip, the peony, the hyacinth, the corn cob. As for the avimorphic and zoomorphic motifs, the potter adapted them, too, “sculpting” in the clay the “reality” in his backyard or the one surrounding him: the cock, the hoopoe, the cuckoo, the fish, the snake, etc.
The winged angel head, a frequent motif in the Brâncovenesc stone sculpture, appears extremely clearly and beautifully imagined and delicately represented on the ceramic items created by certain Horezu potters. The same thing happens to the human figure, in its most expressive stances: women praying or people dancing.
If the decorative elements and motifs have, generally, a universal value, being attributable to any ethnographic area, the compositions, as a specific decorative language, define the ethnographic area or the ethnic style of certain creations.
Among the reality-inspired decorative motifs we mention: the flowers, the leaves, the trees, the animals, the birds, the people. They constitute, by sometimes surprising combinations, compositions that recount certain facts or happenings. Their symmetry imposes order and equilibrium among the parts and it constitutes a homogenous and harmonious structure.
From a cultural point of view, the character of this area is a historical, monastic one, oriented towards specifically Romanian crafts, such as pottery, weaving, religious paintings, etc.
The Horezu painting school concentrated, at a certain moment, all the local creative forces, giving birth to a trend and to an artistic community within which the Brâncovenesc style crystallized.