Natural Setting - Landscape, Hydrography and Climate

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Weather in the Horezu Depression
Today
Max.: 31°C
Min.: 16°C
Cost of gas:

Landscape

The administrative territory of the town, covering an area of about 11,770 ha, extends on the Southern slopes of the Căpăţânii Mountains and on the Horezu Depression area, named after the main locality on its territory.

The urban area of the locality lies in the Horezu Depression, who, in a geographical sense, is part of the Sub-Carpathians of Oltenia, a well-individualized structural unit from the geomorphologic and hydrographical point of view, bordered to the South by Slătioarei Hill, and to the North by the Southern slopes of the Căpăţânii Mountains. Five of the six satellite villages are of the spread-out type, located on the picturesque forested realms of the Southern ends of the mountainous area.

The altitude of the inhabited area varies between 468 m-750 m, and the altitude of the administrative territory reaches up to 1,914.9 m on the highest peak of the Căpăţânii Mountains (Piscu Lung Massif, eastwards of Ursu Peak). Therefore, the landscape is disposed in decreasing altitude increments from north (the slopes of the Căpăţânii Mountains), to south (the Luncavăţ river meadow).

The general look of the landscape, extremely picturesque through its morphological and geological structure, is one of sub-mountainous depression, surrounded by higher landforms. The presence of the limestone massif Buila-Vânturariţa, with its altitude and spectacular look, gives a special feel to the general landscape of the locality.

Hydrography

Seen from above, the town of Horezu shows an accumulation of roads and watercourses. The town is crossed from east to west by the Râmeşti, Luncăvecior and Luncavăţ streams, all flowing from north to south, creating a river meadow landscape, with terraces and piedmont hills. The hydrographic network is rich and well-represented, the watercourses are permanent, without having a high volume of water. Surface waters are predominant in the Horezu area.

The Luncavăţ river, a right-bank tributary of the Olt River, having its source in the Căpăţânii Mountains, is formed through the confluence of the Cumpenelor and Blej creeks, crossing the territory of the Horezu town, where it receives as its left-bank tributaries the Urşani and the Râmeşti creeks. It leaves the Horezu Depression by crossing the Slătioara Hill at its eastern end. The Romani creek resulted from the confluence of the Bistricioara and Romani creeks. A more important right-bank tributary of the Romani creek is the Lunga creek. The Bistriţa and Gurgui basin is formed by the Costeşti and Horezu creeks, receiving as east-bank tributaries Cernele and Bistricioara at Romani and as west-bank tributaries Ponorul, Ludeasa and Pleaşa up to Romani, meeting Bistriţa at Tomşani. The water volume is much lower than normal due to the catchment works made in the 60’s and 70’s in order to supply the reservoir of the hydropower plant on the Lotru river.

Climate

The Horezu Depression is a place with moderate climate, sheltered from the wind. There is a sub-Mediterranean influence that creates excellent conditions for the growth of warmth-loving species. The climate is a temperate-continental one, moderate, without sudden temperature changes and humidity, with typical cool summers, long autumns, mild winters, the average annual temperature being of 10.3 °  C. The rainfalls reach an annual average of 87 mm/sq m. The greatest amount of rainfall is recorded in May and June, the latter receiving the higher amount of rainfall – 122 mm/sq m. The smallest amount of rainfall is usually recorded in February – 42 mm/sq m. During the autumn months (October-November), under the influence of the movement of wet air masses from the west, a second increase of the monthly amount of rainfall compared to the summer and winter months takes place, constituting the so-called second autumn maximum rainfall, typical of the south-western part of the country. Atmospheric electrical discharges are frequent in the warm season, being more intense in May and September.