Discover Horezu in Romania
Weather in the Horezu Depression
Cost of gas:
The pottery, the reason for which the town of Horezu is well-known in the country and abroad, has been included on the UNESCO Immaterial Cultural Heritage List since 2012. The Horezu enameled pottery – unique in Romania through its chromatic and floral motifs – is the most representative product of Horezu. This is where one of the most interesting and refined types of Romanian pottery is produced. The creation of the Horezu pottery is a “unique traditional craft”, practised both by women and men. The manufacturing process is divided: the men extract the clay, which is then cleaned, portioned and wet, kneaded and mixed, becoming thus the raw material from which the famous Horezu pottery is made and, the women decorate them using specific techniques and instruments with which they draw traditional patterns. The skill and talent of combining the shapes and colours define the personality and uniqueness of this type of ceramics. The colours are bright and vary from dark brown, red, green and blue to the famous Horezu ivoire. The ceramists’ skilled hands create ceramic objects of different shapes and sizes: platters, bowls, pitchers, plates, cups, vases. The traditional central motifs painted on the Horezu pottery are the cock, the star, the sun, the spiral, the ear of wheat, the tree of life, the fish, the round dance. To them are added the leaves, the trees, the vines, the buds, the oak leaf, the acorn and an entire vegetal world that occupy a secondary place, being usually placed on the extremities. The pottery is produced in the workshops of the Horezu ceramists, most of whom live on Olari street, a village of potters with families that have poured their heart into the clay for generations. The raw material is mainly found in the Horezu area (the clay, the colours). At Horezu, the capital of Romanian folk pottery, was created the annual Fair “Cocoşul de Hurez”, taking place on the Treapt plateau, in the “Stejari” camping site, during the first weekend of June. This year – 2015 –the fair reached its XLV edition, the last 6 editions enjoying of an international participation.
Honey and other apicultural produce (propolis, beeswax and pollen)
The Horezu Depression is a place with a mild climate, sheltered from the wind. The Sub-Mediterranean influence creates excellent conditions for the growth of warmth-loving species. These climate conditions, the lack of pollution, the rich flora and the fruit-tree plantations encouraged the increase of the number of beekeepers, the development of apiaries, and even the creation of a new race of bees.
The local bee race “HOREZU 15” is a bee race homologated at the end of 2010 by the National Agency for Improvement, Selection and Reproduction in Zootechny. The “HOREZU 15” bee line belongs to the Apis mellifera carpatica bee race, of the hill-mountain ecotype. The bees of this ecotype are very capable of valorizing , they have a high accumulation instinct and they remain active under unfavourable meteorological conditions.
Small farms have started to appear, generally organized by young people, who have more than 100 bee hives. Nowadays, beekeeping represents an income source for the young people who have accessed European financing funds, obtaining funds for the development of the apiaries. The most characteristic to the area is the No. 3 acacia honey. Every year, in June, beekeepers from all over the country practise the pastoral type of apiculture here. With this product, Romania participated in an international contest, where the gold medal was obtained. The apicultural produce: honey, propolis, beeswax and pollen are sold on the free market or to processing third-parties, in the town of Horezu existing three shops specialized in the presentation and sale of apicultural produce, of materials and tools used by the beekeepers.
The “Horezu” fermented cheese made from pasteurized milk (better known as “Horezu Caciocavallo”) has become a recognized brand, sought for both in the country and abroad (especially in Spain and in the United States of America). This cheese sortiment is produced using a traditional recipe. Nowadays there is only one type of fermented cheese obtained from pasteurized milk, the raw ingredient, sheep milk, being bought from veterinary-sanitary authorized producers from the Horezu Depression and not only.
Plain and carbonated water, soft drinks and energy drinks. Due to the fact that the town of Horezu lies in an unpolluted area, having a well-represented surface and subterranean hydrographic network, a part of the potential of the Horezu Depression underground springs was valorized by the creation of a production section with more than 60 workers. It produces and bottles plain and carbonated water, soft drinks and carbonated drinks that are commercialized locally and nationally.
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks: plum, blueberries and cherry brandy, and fruit syrups (blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, elderberries, sour cherries, fir tree cones and vegetation, mountain peony, cranberries, etc.) are usually produced in small amounts, in the people’s households, for their own use.
Other food produce available seasonally, are: berries, apples, plums, pears, grapes, strawberries, quinces, chestnuts, mushrooms, vegetables, jam (raspberries, blueberries, strawberries, wild strawberries, sour cherries, blackberries, cherries, etc.), home-made preserves (vegetables), bakery products, cow milk, goat milk, sheep milk, cottage cheese, goat milk cheese, sheep milk cheese, cream, butter, hen and quail eggs, meat (chicken, pork, beef, mutton, kid), fish. These products are available in small amounts, being sold in the Horezu agroalimentary market, at fairs or for individual use in the households.
Fruit preserves made and packed by the nuns from the Hurezi Monastery, sold to the tourists in their own shop on the monastery grounds. A varied range of preserves is produced here every year: jam, jelly, and fruit syrups prepared using traditional methods, without food additives and preservatives. These products are made using the local resources, fruit from their own orchard or berries.
Non-alimentary products. Alongside the ceramic items, in the town of Horezu are also produced: handmade textiles (carpets, rugs, bags with regional motifs), traditional peasants’ blouses, rope wickerwork, icons painted on glass and wood and other decorative items, wood tools and accessories, wickerwork baskets, birch tree besoms, the latter being made in workshops in the Romanii de Sus - Săliștea village.
Furniture: there are several local producers of house and garden furniture, made of solid wood and laminated chipboard.